passive exercise

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Exercise performed with the assistance of a partner who moves a completely relaxed part of the body. Such exercises are sometimes called passive mobility exercises because they are often performed to increase the range of movement of a joint. The partner gently exerts pressure against a joint to move it into its end position (i.e. the normal limit of its movement). If conducted properly, passive exercises can improve flexibility. They are particularly effective at maintaining mobility when active exercises are not possible, because of, for example, injury. However, there is a danger that an inexperienced and overenthusiastic partner will overextend the joint, and push it beyond its normal range, damaging it. The exercise should stop when pain is felt (see stretch stress).

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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