(b Odessa, 23 Mar. [4 Apr.] 1862; d Oxford, 31 May 1945). Russian painter and draughtsman. He was a friend of many literary, musical, and political personalities, notably Leo Tolstoy, whose works he illustrated (War and Peace; Resurrection), and whom he portrayed on many occasions. In 1921 he left the Soviet Union and settled in Berlin, where he worked mainly as a portraitist (his sitters included Max Liebermann and Albert Einstein). He left Germany because of the rise of Nazism and settled in England in 1938, spending his last years in Oxford. The celebrated writer Boris Pasternak was his son.
From The Oxford Dictionary of Art in Oxford Reference.