Guidance and support which focuses on the learner's welfare and their social and emotional needs, rather than their purely educational ones. Although to some extent all teachers are expected to provide a degree of pastoral care, in secondary schools it is often the head of year who, among their other responsibilities, has an additional pastoral role in relation to pupils in their year group. In some schools a member of the senior management or senior teaching team, such as a deputy head teacher, may be designated as having overall pastoral responsibility in the school, the day‐to‐day operation of which will be delegated as appropriate, to the heads of year or group tutors, for example. Matters of concern are reported by other teachers to those with pastoral responsibility where there is reason to think that the pupil may need additional support. In colleges and universities, specialist pastoral care is provided by student support services. See also study support.