Northern Irish poet, born in Leeds, educated at Hull and Oxford, where he now lectures. With Paul Muldoon, Paulin is a leading member of the second generation of important post‐war Northern Irish poets, and the most overtly ‘political’ Ulster poet. A State of Justice (1977) and The Strange Museum (1979) drew on Auden and D. Dunn, while in Liberty Tree (1983) Paulin's language took in Ulster dialect and assumed a jagged, improvised ‘spoken’ quality which is both compelling and forbidding, ranging from revolutionary France to the Second World War. Later collections include Selected Poems 1972–1990 (1993); Walking a Line (1994); The Invasion Handbook (2002), the first instalment of his projected epic on the Second World War; and The Road to Inver: Translations, Versions and Imitations 1975–2003 (2004). Prose includes Writing to the Moment: Selected Critical Essays 1980–1996 (1996) and The Day Star of Liberty: William Hazlitt's Radical Style (1998).