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Paullus


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Became an augur in 192 bc and governed Further Spain as praetor in 191, with command prorogued for 190 and 189. A defeat in 190 was retrieved by a victory in the following year. Later in 189 he went to Asia as one of the ten commissioners who administered the settlement after the defeat of Antiochus III the Great. On his return in 187 he, with a majority of the commission, unsuccessfully opposed the granting of a triumph to Gnaeus Manlius Vulso. Despite several attempts he did not reach the consulship until 182, when he operated in Liguria; his command was prorogued for 181 when, despite having been besieged in his camp, he eventually forced the Ligurian Ingauni to surrender. In 171 he was one of the patrons chosen by the peoples of Spain to represent their complaints against Roman governors. He was elected to a second consulship for 168, and ended the Third Macedonian War by his victory at Pydna. His triumph was marred by the death of his two young sons; his two elder sons, by his first wife Papiria, had been adopted and became Quintus Fabius Maximus Aemilianus and Publius Cornelius Scipio Aemilianus. He was elected censor in 164 and died in 160, by no means a rich man; of the booty from the war against Perseus he had kept for himself nothing but Perseus' library. Paullus had a great interest in Greek culture, giving his sons a Greek as well as a traditional Roman education, and undertaking an archaeological tour of Greece after the war with Perseus. That did not prevent him from willingly carrying out the senate's order to sack Epirus, and from sanctioning other acts of brutality by Roman troops. See also CATO THE ELDER.

John Briscoe

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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