(b. Moldavia, 1894; d. Bucharest, c. 8 June 1960)
Romanian; Foreign Minister 1947–52 Pauker was the daughter of a Moldavian rabbi. She joined the Social Democrat Party and took part in the revolutionary unrest in Romania in 1917–18. In 1920 she married Marcel Pauker and entered the Romanian Communist Party (RCP) with him. In 1922 she was appointed to its Central Committee. She was arrested in 1925, but escaped to the USSR and worked for the Comintern in the inter-war period. Pauker developed a passionate attachment to the Soviet Union, where she spent the Second World War.
Pauker returned to Romania in September 1944 after the fall of Antonescu. In January 1945 she and Gheorghiu-Dej were summoned to Moscow. Pauker tried to persuade Stalin to use the Red Army immediately to install a government based on the RCP alone. Stalin instead chose Gheorghiu-Dej's strategy of maintaining a coalition government in Romania. From 1947 to 1952 Pauker was Foreign Minister. She played a major part in the collectivization of agriculture. In June 1952 Gheorghiu-Dej eliminated all Pauker's supporters in an anti-Jewish purge, which coincided with the wave of anti-Semitism which Stalin encouraged in the Soviet Union.