Antonio Pazzaglia

(c. 1736—1815)

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(b Genoa, c. 1736; d Rome, 1 July 1815). Italian gem-engraver and medallist. While few biographical details of Antonio's life are known, his activity as an intaglio- and cameo-engraver is fairly well documented. About 25 works are mentioned by contemporary authors or are known through imprints in sulphur, enamel or scagliola. Originals that survive include a cameo with a portrait of Jacques Necker (Paris, Bib. N.), a gold ring with Leda and the Swan (Naples, Mus. Archeol. N.) that until the 1980s was thought to be antique, a cameo with a Sleeping Hermaphrodite (Bucharest, Acad. Socialist Repub. Romania) and an intaglio with a Bacchante (London, BM). Pazzaglia's repertory was the same as that of contemporary engravers (portraits, mythological subjects, reproductions of famous antique works), and his works are generally signed with his name in Greek letters: ΠΑΖΑΛΊΑΣ. Among his clients were Catherine II, Empress of Russia, for whom he made a sardonyx with Apollo (St Petersburg, Hermitage), and Joseph II, of whom he made a portrait (ex-Rome, Sangiorgi priv. col.), perhaps during the Emperor's visit to Rome at the end of 1783.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Decorative Arts in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Decorative Arts, Furniture, and Industrial Design.

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