Boston architectural firm founded by Robert Swain Peabody (1845–1917) and John Goddard Stearns (1843–1917), whose work was of national importance throughout the USA from c.1886 until 1914. They pioneered the American Colonial Revival but also influenced Cram and others with their Gothic Revival work. Kragsyde, Manchester-by-the-Sea, MA (1883–5—destroyed), combined the Shingle style with elements drawn from English Arts-and-Crafts work, and was one of their best houses. By the 1890s the firm had adopted Classicism, as in their work for the World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago (1892–3), but several houses drew on the Federal and Colonial Georgian styles. All in all, Peabody & Stearns created some of the most significant buildings in New England at the turn of the century. They also designed railway-stations including Boston, MA (1872–4—destroyed), Jersey City, NJ (1889–90), and Union Station, Duluth, MN (1890–1).
ARe, i, (1891), 151–98;Dinsmoor & Sturgis et al. (1967);Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians, xxxii/2 (May 1973), 114–31;Meeks (1964);Placzek (ed.) (1982);V. J. Scully (1971, 1974, 1989);Sturgis et al. (1971);