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A reduction in the volume and/or intensity of training in the period leading up to a competition in order to achieve a peak performance. This adjustment to the training regime is also known as tapering. Peaking is based on the theory that while an athlete's intense training is promoting physiological adaptation, its daily basis never gives the body adequate time to recuperate fully, leaving the athlete in a state of chronic, mild, relative weakness and under-performance. A period of 3 to 7 days of reduced training allows physiological systems to recover, resulting in maximal levels of glycogen stores, blood volume, and muscle enzymes. Further, minor injuries can heal and the athlete is psychologically refreshed. A reduction in the volume of training while retaining some high-intensity work appears optimal.

Subjects: Medicine and Health.

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