Pearse was the son of an English‐born stonemason, a non‐practising lawyer, dramatist, and headmaster of St Enda's School (Dublin), which he ran on Gaelic Revivalist lines. A leading member of the Gaelic League, he supported Home Rule up to 1912: the Ulster crisis caused him to advocate a militant nationalism and to join the Irish Republican Brotherhood. He became a member of the IRB military council which planned the Easter Rising. Pearse read the declaration of the Provisional Irish Republic outside the General Post Office on 24 April 1916; gave orders for surrender five days later; and was executed on 3 May.
Subjects: History — Literature.