'Pediculidae' can also refer to...



Control of Human Lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae) Infestations: Past and Present

Cytogenetic Features of Human Head and Body Lice (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae)

Histochemical Analysis of the Nit of Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae)

Socioeconomical Factors Associated With Pediculosis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) in Athens, Greece

Permethrin-Resistant Head Lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae) in Argentina Are Susceptible to Spinosad

Use of Temperature and Water Immersion to Control the Human Body Louse (Anoplura: Pediculidae)

First Molecular Evidence of Bartonella quintana in Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Collected from Nepalese Children

Sequencing of a New Target Genome: the Pediculus humanus humanus (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Genome Project

A New Ivermectin Formulation Topically Kills Permethrin-Resistant Human Head Lice (Anoplura: Pediculidae)

Evidence of Pyrethroid Resistance in Eggs of Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) from Argentina

Localization of Immunogenic Antigens on Midgut of the Human Body Louse Pediculus humanus humanus (Anoplura: Pediculidae)

Method to Measure Force Required to Remove Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae) Eggs from Human Hair

Increased Monooxygenase Activity Associated with Resistance to Permethrin in Pediculus humanus capitis (Anoplura: Pediculidae) from Argentina

Identification of Sodium Channel Mutations in Human Head Louse (Anoplura: Pediculidae) from Denmark

First Molecular Evidence of Bartonella quintana in Pediculus humanus capitis (Phthiraptera: Pediculidae), Collected from Nepalese Children

Scanning Electron Microscopy of Human Head Louse (Anoplura: Pediculidae) Egg and its Clinical Ramifications

Use of Topical Nicotine for Treatment of Pediculus humanus capitis (Anaplura: Pediculidae)


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(order Phthiraptera, suborder Anoplura)

Family of sucking lice, which are parasitic on some primates, including humans. The single genus, Pediculus, contains four species, two parasitic on humans, one on the chimpanzee, and one on spider monkeys (Ateles species). The two species parasitic on humans, P. humanus and P. capitis, have sometimes been considered two subspecies of a single species, but they differ in the relative lengths of parts of their legs, and in the environment they use. P. humanus lives and lays its eggs on human clothing, moving on to the body to feed; whilst P. capitis lives and lays its eggs on the hair of the scalp, and can cause mechanized dandruff. P. humanus is a vector of typhus, European relapsing fever, and trench fever, and because of this has been responsible for millions of human deaths. P. capitis is not known to transmit any diseases in natural conditions.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

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