virgin and martyr. She was a 15-year-old girl of Antioch who, when her house was surrounded by soldiers during one of the persecutions, threw herself out of a window into the sea to preserve her chastity. Feast day, 9 Jun. To the name of this historical person a legend became attached of a 4th-cent. actress of Antioch who was suddenly converted and lived as an austere recluse in a grotto of the Mount of Olives. Feast day, 8 Oct. The story of a third Pelagia, a virgin martyr of Tarsus, seems to be a combination of the former two. This Pelagia is supposed to have been burned to death for refusing to become the mistress of the Emperor. Feast day in the E., also 8 Oct.