; class Amphibia, order Anura)
A family of amphibians which have no ribs, minute teeth, and digging tubercles developed on their hind feet. Pelobates fuscus (spadefoot toad or garlic toad) of eastern Europe and western Asia has large, sharp, horny growths for digging; females are up to 8 cm long, males smaller. Pelobatids are adapted to dry habitats, appearing on the surface only after rain. Metamorphosis is rapid. There are 54 species, occurring in N. America, Eurasia, and N. Africa.
Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.