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The generic name for a variety of ball games, played using hand, glove, racquet, or bat, that are said to have derived from the French jeu de paume, and which were developed in the Basque regions of France and Spain. Its variants have flourished in all of the South American countries, North America, and parts of Asia. A national French association was formed for the sport in 1921, standardizing rules and practices, and The International Federation of Basque Pelota was formed at the end of that decade, classifying forms and modalities of the sport. The sport was included in early Olympics and then as a demonstration sport at Hispanic-based Games in Mexico in 1968 and Barcelona in 1992.

Subjects: Sport and Leisure.

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