William Penn

(1644—1718) Quaker leader and founder of Pennsylvania

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a Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania, was committed to the Tower in 1668 for publishing The Sandy Foundation Shaken (an attack on orthodox doctrines of the Trinity and the Atonement, and on the Calvinist theory of justification) and there wrote No Cross, No Crown (1669), an eloquent and learned dissertation on Christian duty and a Quaker classic. He suffered frequent persecutions, and looked to America as a refuge for his faith; in 1682 he obtained grants of East New Jersey and Pennsylvania, and framed, possibly in concert with A. Sidney, a new constitution for the colony by which religious toleration would be secured.

Subjects: Literature.

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