(b Berlin 1667; d London, 1752).
Ger.‐born composer, conductor, and organist. Mainly self‐taught; expert in theory and history. Settled in London 1704. Played va. and hpd. in Drury Lane orch. One of founders of Academy of Ancient Music. Org. and comp. to Duke of Chandos 1715–31. From 1715 comp. mus. for operas and masques at Drury Lane and Lincoln's Inn Th. Probably comp. ov. for Gay's The Beggar's Opera (1728), but there is no evidence that he arranged the airs. Wrote treatise on harmony (1730) and other theoretical books.