(d. 321 bc),
Macedonian noble of the princely house of Orestis, commanded his native battalion in the phalanx of Alexander 2 the Great. His military distinction, somewhat obscured by the hostile account of Ptolemy 1 I, won him elevation to the rank of Bodyguard by 330. Later he ranked second only to Craterus 1 in his effectiveness as marshal and succeeded Hephaestion in his cavalry command and his position as chiliarch (Grand Vizier). The settlement at Babylon (323) confirmed him in the chiliarchy with command of the central army and gave him custody both of the new king, Philip Arrhidaeus, and the unborn child of Alexander. In 322 his position strengthened after his successful invasion of Cappadocia, but his dynastic intrigues alarmed the commanders in Europe, Antipater and Craterus, who declared war. Perdiccas was killed in Egypt.
Subjects: Classical Studies.