(bapt. Valladolid, 20 Mar. 1611; d Madrid, 30 Jan. 1678).
Spanish painter, active mainly in Madrid. He began as a history painter—his Relief of Genoa (1634–5, Prado, Madrid) was painted for Philip IV's (see Habsburg) Buen Retiro Palace in Madrid as part of the same series as Velázquez's Surrender of Breda—but he is now best known for his still lifes. The most famous painting associated with him is The Knight's Dream (also called The Dream of Life or Life is a Dream, c.1650, Academy, Madrid), a splendidly sensuous composition, full of brilliantly painted still-life details, in which worldly pleasures and treasures are seen to be as insubstantial as a dream. It was a key work in the development of the moralizing still life in Spain, influencing Valdés Leal in particular. However, the attribution to Pereda has recently been questioned, and Francisco de Palacios (1622/5–52) has been suggested as the author.