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Foreigners—the term used by Romans for the free citizens of any other community than the Roman people. This was the status of the peoples of non‐Roman Italy, except the Latins, until 90 bc and of allied and subject communities outside Italy until Caracalla's reign (see constitution, antonine). The Latins were considered separate from the peregrini under the republic, though this distinction disappeared under the Principate. The rule that no Roman could be a citizen of two communities held until the end of the republic, but it seems to have been modified before the death of Caesar. From the triumviral period onwards peregrini could receive Roman citizenship but remain effective members of their own communities.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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