(b Venice, 28 Jan. 1910; d Paris, 20 Aug. 1997)
Italian dancer and teacher. He studied at the Paris Opera Ballet School (from 1922) and made his debut with the Paris Opera Ballet while still a student in 1923. He was promoted to premier danseur at the age of 20 and in 1931 was the first dancer to be granted the title of étoile. He created roles in Lifar's Creatures of Prometheus (1929), L'Orchestre en liberté (1931), Bacchus et Ariane (1931), Jeunesse (1933), Salade (1935), Oriane et le Prince d'Amour (1938), Aeneas (1938), La Princesse au jardin (1941), Bolero (1941), Le Chevalier et la demoiselle (1941), Les Animaux modèles (1942), and Joan de Zarissa (1942). He also created roles in most of the ballets choreographed by Léo Staats, Nicola Guerra, and Aveline. He was appointed provisional ballet master (1945–6) following Lifar's departure from the Paris Opera and choreographed L'Appel de la montagne (mus. Honegger, 1945). In 1946 he went on a tour of S. America with young dancers from the Opera. In 1948 he opened his own school, as well as teaching at the Paris Opera school. Among his pupils were Babilée, Petit, Golovine, Jeanmaire, and Chauviré. From 1963 to 1970 he taught at the Paris Opera.