(b. 19 Jan. 1920).
UN Secretary‐General 1982–91 Born in Lima (Peru), he studied law and entered the Peruvian diplomatic service. He served in France, the UK, Brazil, and the Soviet Union, and in 1971 became Peru's ambassador to the UN. In 1979 he was appointed UN Under‐Secretary for Political Affairs and in 1981 Secretary‐General to succeed Kurt Waldheim. He was unable to resolve peacefully the dispute which led to the Falklands War in 1982, but was more successful in his mediation of the Iran‐Iraq War in 1988, and the resolution of the war in Namibia (1988). In 1995, he ran unsuccessfully against Fujimori in the presidential elections. On 28 November 2000, he became the caretaker Prime Minister and Foreign Minister of Peru, to oversee Peru's transition from the Fujimori dictatorship to a democratically‐elected government. Following elections in spring 2001, he withdrew from political life in July 2001.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945).