(b Bayonne, NJ, 1915; New York, 2009).
Amer. composer. Prof. of mus., Queens Coll., City Univ. of NY, 1961–84, having held teaching posts at other univs. from 1949. Comp.‐in‐residence, S. Francisco SO 1989–91. Authority on music and life of Alban Berg. Author of Serial Composition and Atonality (1962, 6th edn. 1991), Twelve‐Tone Tonality (1977), The Operas of Alban Berg, Wozzeck (1980), Lulu (1985). As a composer evolved his own serialist method. Works incl. Hebrew Melodies for vc. (1945); 8 str. qts. (some withdrawn); 4 wind quintets; vc. conc. (1966); 3 Movements, orch. (1960); 6 Bagatelles, orch. (1965); Sonnets to Orpheus, ch. (1974); A Short Symphony (1980); vc. sonata (1985); Dance Fantasy, orch. (1986); pf. conc. No.1 (1990), No.2 (1992); Adagio, orch. (1992); Duos, hn., str. qt. (1995); Critical Moments, fl./picc., cl., vn., vc., pf., perc. (1996); Chansons cachées, pf. (1997).