In the C of E the technical name given before 1969 to a clergyman who officiated in a parish or district to which he had been nominated by the impropriator and licensed by the bishop. When parishes which had been appropriated to monasteries passed at the dissolution to lay rectors, these rectors had to nominate to the bishop for his licence a priest to serve the cure. Curates thus licensed became perpetual. The ministers of new parishes and districts established by various 19th cent. Acts of Parliament were also perpetual curates. By the Pastoral Measure 1968 all perpetual curates became vicars in 1969.