(b Frankenthal, Pfalz, 3 June 1858; d Dresden, 15 July 1928). German bass-baritone. He studied with Julius Hey in Berlin and Julius von Stockhausen in Frankfurt, making his début in 1884 at Leipzig as Wolfram. In 1892 he moved to Dresden, where he was engaged at the Hofoper until 1913. There he created John the Baptist in Salome (1905), Orestes in Elektra (1909) and Ochs in Der Rosenkavalier (1911). In addition to his Richard Strauss roles he sang Don Giovanni, Count Almaviva (Le nozze di Figaro), Hans Heiling, Nélusko (L᾽Africaine), Ambroise Thomas' Hamlet, Escamillo and Yevgeny Onegin. At Bayreuth between 1889 and 1904 he sang Amfortas, Wotan, King Mark and Daland. A powerful actor, he sang with great authority.
From The Grove Book of Opera Singers in Oxford Reference.