Is a term that can be used in at least three ways. First, it can refer to the management of people within organizations, including recruitment and selection, training and employee development, appraisal and reward, discipline and dismissal, and employee involvement and participation. As such, personnel management can form part of virtually all management jobs. Second, it can refer to the specialist group of personnel managers who concentrate on the development of personnel management policy and practice. In this sense, it describes a management occupation. Third, it can refer to a particular approach to the management of people that is contrasted, usually unfavourably, with human resource management. In this case, personnel management, unlike HRM, is operational rather than strategic, bureaucratic rather than flexible, and collectivist rather than individualist. Comparative analysis of prescriptive models of personnel management and HRM, however, indicates that there is very little significant difference between them.
Subjects: Human Resource Management.