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Nikola Petkov

(b. 1889)


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(b. 1889; d. Sophia, 23 Sept. 1947)

Bulgarian; peasant leader Nikola was the son of Prime Minister Dimitur Petkov. After studying law at Paris, he entered the Bulgarian foreign service and was attached to the Bulgarian Embassy in Paris. Following the coup which overthrew Stamboliiski's government in 1923 he was imprisoned, then went into exile in France. He returned to Bulgaria, where he led the left-wing of the Bulgarian Agrarian National Union. King Boris's regime interned him in 1942. In September 1944, after the fall of the monarchy, he became minister without portfolio in the provisional government. In July 1945 he left the government to lead the pro-Western opposition to the Communist takeover in Bulgaria and edited the peasant newspaper, the National Agrarian Banner. After the rigged election which brought the Communists to power in 1946 he attacked Dimitrov as a Soviet puppet. As soon as the United States had ratified the peace treaty with Bulgaria, Dimitrov had Petkov arrested and tortured. He was executed after a show trial in which he refused to confess.

Subjects: Politics.


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