Master of the Petrarch Triumphs

(fl. c. 1503)

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(fl c. 1503). Illuminator, active in France. He is named after a newly translated copy of Petrarch's Trionfi (Paris, Bib. N., MS. fr. 594), which he illuminated. This manuscript must be close in date to a French version of Petrarch's De remediis utriusque fortunae (Paris, Bib. N., MS. fr. 225), which was translated in 1503; both manuscripts were commissioned in Rouen, possibly by Georges I d’Amboise (1460–1510), Cardinal and Archbishop of Rouen, for presentation to Louis XII. On this evidence Ritter and Lafond proposed the Master as the chief personality of a ‘Rouen school’ sustained by the patronage of the Cardinal, who assembled a large number of artists for building, decorating and furnishing his palace at Gaillon (nr Rouen). The Master is more likely, however, to have worked in Paris, since his hand is found in manuscripts also illuminated by the Parisian Jean Pichore (e.g. a Book of Hours; Ecouen, Mus. Ren., MS. E. Cl. 1251; see fig.) and other Paris-based illuminators. Stylistic features in the Trionfi manuscript suggest knowledge of work from the circle of Jean Bourdichon and Jean Poyet in the Tours area. The so-called Petites Heures of Anne of Brittany (Paris, Bib. N., MS. nouv. acq. lat. 3027) is among the Master's finest works (although the link with Anne is not firm). His other manuscripts include a Book of Hours (New York, Morgan Lib. & Mus., MS. M. 356) illuminated for Claude Molé from Troyes.

From The Grove Encyclopedia of Northern Renaissance Art in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Renaissance Art.

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