German cartographer. August Heinrich Petermann began his career as a cartographer and later, although never an explorer himself, became a major promoter and publisher of geographical exploration. Born second in an impoverished family of six children on April 18, 1822, in Bleicherode am Eichsfelde in Prussia, Petermann attended school there and in Nordhausen before going to Berlin in 1839, after gaining a free place at Heinrich Berghaus's new training school for cartographers. Having become a skilled cartographer there while working on various projects, including Berghaus's Physikalischer Atlas (1838–1848), Petermann moved to Scotland in 1845 to work on Alexander Keith Johnston's English-language version of Berghaus's book, The Physical Atlas (1848).
From The Oxford Companion to World Exploration in Oxford Reference.
Subjects: World History.