an Anglicized form of ‘Pietro Martire Vermigli’, Reformer. Named after St Peter Martyr, he joined the Augustinians and in 1533 became prior of a house in Naples. He was impressed by reading works of M. Bucer and U. Zwingli; his sympathy with the Reformers led to accusations of error, and in 1542 he fled from Italy. In 1547 he came to England at T. Cranmer's invitation and became Regius Professor of Divinity at Oxford (1548). He took part in a disputation on the Eucharist in 1549, was consulted over the BCP of 1552, and was one of the commissioners for the reform of canon law. On Mary's accession, he was put under house arrest but soon allowed to go to Strasbourg; in 1556 he moved to Zurich.