Franz Pfemfert


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(Lötzen, East Prussia, 1879–1954, Mexico City), a left-wing political journalist, became editor of Der Demokrat in 1910 and founded the journal Die Aktion in 1911. He also edited anthologies of Expressionist poetry, Aktions-Lyrik (7 vols., 1916–22, published in his own Verlag Die Aktion, reprinted in 1973), as well as Aktionsbücher der Aeternisten (10 vols., 1916–21, reprinted in 1973), with contributions by F. Hardekopf and C. Einstein, Politische Aktions-Bibliothek (14 vols., 1916–30), and Der rote Hahn (60 vols., 1917–25), with contributions by Y. Goll, F. Mehring, Sternheim, J. R. Becher, and V. Hugo; vol. 14–15, Bis August 1914 (1918), containing essays, was reprinted in 1973. A selection, Die Revolution G.M.B.H. Agitation und politische Satire in der ‘Aktion’, ed. K. Hickethier, W. H. Pott, and K. Zerges, appeared in 1973, and Ich setze diese Zeitschrift wider diese Welt. Sozialpolitische und literaturkritische Aufsätze, ed. W. Haug, in 1985. A Communist opposed to social democracy, he later opposed Stalinism. He emigrated to Czechoslovakia in 1933, to France in 1936, and to Mexico in 1941. His recollections, intended for publication, are presumed lost.

From The Oxford Companion to German Literature in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: Literature.

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