Robert Phaire

(c. 1619—1682) parliamentarian army officer

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(c.1619–1682), the only Irish born among the ‘regicides’ responsible for the execution of Charles I. A lieutenant-colonel in Munster in 1648, Phaire refused to switch sides with Inchiquin and was allowed to join the parliamentary army in a negotiated exchange. Charles I's execution warrant was addressed to him and two others. Returning as a regimental commander, he captured Youghal, fought at Macroom, and held the governorship of Cork (1651–4). He retired in 1655, dissatisfied with the Cromwellian regime. After dabbling in Quakerism (see Society of Friends), Phaire became a follower of Ludovic Muggleton, having met the self-appointed prophet while a prisoner in the Tower of London after the Restoration. He subsequently escaped punishment for involvement in Blood's plot.

From The Oxford Companion to Irish History in Oxford Reference.

Subjects: European History.

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