A long‐distance courier who Herodotus says ran from Athens to Sparta in 490 bc to enlist help for the battle of Marathon (see marathon, battle of), reaching his destination ‘next day’; a possible feat, since the winner of a race over the same ground in 1983 managed to cover the distance (c.240 km.; 149 mi.) in under 22 hours. On the way Phidippides encountered Pan, who asked him why the Athenians did not yet honour him with a state cult; this was later put right.
Subjects: sport and leisure — classical studies.