Organizations that derive their capital from large bequests and/por donations and disburse funds to causes that fit within their terms of reference. Philanthropic foundations have been great benefactors of the health sector. The Rockefeller Foundation provided funds to establish many schools of public health in the United States and elsewhere and supported research and development of prevention and control measures against tropical diseases. The Ford Foundation, the Commonwealth Fund, the Josiah Macy, Jr. Foundation, the Milbank Memorial Fund, the Carnegie Corporation, the Wellcome Trust, the Nuffield Trust, the Wolfson Trust, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and others in the United States, United Kingdom, Japan, and western Europe have been important major contributors to health research and development, often in low-income countries.
Subjects: Public Health and Epidemiology.