B. 10 June 1921, s. of prince Andrew of Greece and princess Alice of Battenberg; m. princess Elizabeth (later Elizabeth II), 20 Nov. 1947.
A great-great-grandson of queen Victoria, and grandson of prince Louis of Battenberg, who had a distinguished career in the British navy before 1914, Prince Philip went to Gordonstoun and entered the navy in 1938. He was mentioned in despatches at Cape Matapan in 1941 and through his cousin, Lord Louis Mountbatten, joined the royal circle. Before his marriage in 1947 he was created duke of Edinburgh. His role as consort is difficult, but his patronage of the duke of Edinburgh's award scheme for young people has given him an autonomous area of interest. His naval upbringing taught him to speak his mind, and his forthright comments have often been a joy to journalists.
Subjects: Contemporary History (Post 1945) — British History.