Philippa of Hainault

(c. 1314—1369) queen of England, consort of Edward III.

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Queen of England, b. c.1314, da. of William, count of Hainault; m. Edward III, 30 Jan. 1328; d. 15 Aug. 1369; bur. Westminster abbey.

Philippa's marriage to the young prince Edward was arranged in 1326 by his mother, Isabella, who was on the continent looking for support against her estranged husband. However, it took place soon after Edward had been declared king, suggesting some personal affection. She had seven sons and five daughters, the last child (Thomas of Woodstock) born in 1355. She is credited with pleading with her husband to spare the lives of the six burghers of Calais who surrendered in August 1347 with halters around their necks. A patron of Froissart, the chronicler of chivalry, Philippa has been called ‘a paragon among English queens’.

Subjects: British History.

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