King of France (1328–50), the first of the Valois kings. His right to the throne was challenged by Edward III of England and the Hundred Years War began in 1337. His ill-fated reign also witnessed the Black Death and war with Flanders. Despite the ruinous expense of war and some disastrous military defeats, the government was strengthened during this period as an organized system of taxation evolved.
Subjects: Medieval and Renaissance History (500 to 1500).