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Phōcion

(402—318 bc)


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(402/1–318 bc),

Athenian statesman and general, pupil of Plato. No Athenian was strategos more often than Phocion's 45 times between 371 and 318. An incorruptible independent political thinker with conservative views, he opposed Demosthenes (2)'s agitation against Macedon throughout, probably on grounds of practicability. This attitude did not prevent his pursuing Athenian interests as strategos. After Chaeronea and again in 335 he negotiated milder treatment for Athens from the Macedonian kings.

Subjects: Classical Studies.


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