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A country of central Greece comprising the middle Cephissus valley and the valley of Crisa, which are linked loosely by passes over the southern spurs of Mt. Parnassus. Both areas were fertile. In the 6th cent. bc Phocis formed a strong federation (see federal states), issuing federal coinage and levying a federal army. Phocis' internal unity enabled it to resist the aggression of its neighbours, who coveted the control of Delphi and of the route to northern Greece via the Cephissus valley and the pass of Elatea to Thermopylae, and the Phocians showed diplomatic skill.

Subjects: Classical Studies.

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