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Oxygen Enhances Phosphine Toxicity for Postharvest Pest Control

Genetics of Resistance to Phosphine in Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)

Do Phosphine Resistance Genes Influence Movement and Dispersal Under Starvation?

Toxicity of Phosphine Fumigation Against Bactrocera tau at Low Temperature

Resistance of Lasioderma serricorne (Coleoptera: Anobiidae) to Fumigation with Phosphine

Disruption of Iron Homeostasis Increases Phosphine Toxicity in Caenorhabditis elegans

Mitochondrial Modulation of Phosphine Toxicity and Resistance in Caenorhabditis elegans

Oxygenated Phosphine Fumigation for Control of Nasonovia ribisnigri (Homoptera: Aphididae) on Harvested Lettuce

Phosphine Resistance in Tribolium castaneum and Rhyzopertha dominica From Stored Wheat in Oklahoma

Effects of Phosphine Fumigation on Survivorship of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Eggs

Oxygenated Phosphine Fumigation for Control of Epiphyas postvittana (Lepidoptera: Tortricidae) Eggs on Lettuce

Efficacy of Grain Protectants and Phosphine Against Liposcelis bostrychophila, L. entomophila, and L. paeta (Psocoptera: Liposcelidae)

Effect of Low-Temperature Phosphine Fumigation on the Survival of Bactrocera correcta (Diptera: Tephritidae)

Genetic Conservation of Phosphine Resistance in the Rice Weevil Sitophilus oryzae (L.)

Phosphine-Induced Oxidative Stress in Hepa 1c1c7 Cells

Phosphine Resistance in North American Field Populations of the Lesser Grain Borer, Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae)

Synergistic Effects of Oxygen on Phosphine and Ethyl Formate for the Control of Phthorimaea operculella (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae)


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A colourless highly toxic gas, PH3; m.p. –133°C; b.p. –87.7°C; slightly soluble in water. Phosphine may be prepared by reacting water or dilute acids with calcium phosphide or by reaction between yellow phosphorus and concentrated alkali. Solutions of phosphine are neutral but phosphine does react with some acids to give phosphonium salts containing PH4+ ions, analogous to the ammonium ions. Phosphine prepared in the laboratory is usually contaminated with diphosphine and is spontaneously flammable but the pure compound is not so. Phosphine can function as a ligand in binding to transition-metal ions. Dilute gas mixtures of very pure phosphine and the rare gases are used for doping semiconductors.

Subjects: Chemistry.

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