Manipulating a digitized photograph with a computer using specialist graphics software. The term derives from the name of a proprietary software package. The relative ease with which an image can be ‘photoshopped’ and the sophistication of the results compared to airbrushing has radicalized the potential for altering photographic images. However, it has also undermined trust in the fidelity of photography as an evidential, indexical medium as expressed in the old adage that ‘the camera never lies’. See alsodigital.
http://www.cs.dartmouth.edu/farid/research/digitaltampering/ Photo tampering throughout history
Subjects: Media Studies.