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Name applied to the persons who came to Massachusetts on the Mayflower (1620), or by extension to all the early settlers of Plymouth Colony. Unlike the Puritans, the Pilgrims were Separatists, opposing the episcopal jurisdiction, rites, and discipline of the Church of England. They originated (c.1606) at Scrooby, England, whence they emigrated to Amsterdam (1608), and then to Leiden. Almost half of this group came to Plymouth on the Mayflower. These 41 believers, including William Bradford, William Brewster, and Edward Winslow, were called Saints; others, including Myles Standish, were called Strangers.

Subjects: Literature — United States History.

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