(1828–1889), journalist and forger. Born at Ratoath, Co. Meath, he began his journalistic career as an errand boy in The Nation office, progressing to ownership of The Irishman in 1865, a paper strongly supporting the Fenian movement. He found willing recipients for letters appearing to show Parnell's complicity in the Phoenix Park Murders [see Invincibles] and the violent tactics of the Land War. As the traitor of the Irish Parliamentary Party he features in James Joyce's Finnegans Wake.
From The Concise Oxford Companion to Irish Literature in Oxford Reference.