began as an actor, and was noticed by H. Irving who later produced some of his plays. His first one‐act play, Two Hundred a Year, was performed in 1877. The first of his farces, The Magistrate (perf. 1885), brought Pinero both fame and wealth. His first serious play, on what was to be the recurrent theme of double standards for men and women, was The Profligate (1889). Lady Bountiful (1891) was the first of the ‘social’ plays in which Pinero was deemed to display his understanding of women. The Second Mrs Tanqueray (1893) was a lasting success. Trelawny of the ‘Wells’ (1898), a sentimental comedy, nostalgically recalls his own passion for the theatre. He was knighted in 1909, but in his later years became eclipsed by the rising popularity of the new theatre of Ibsen and G. B. Shaw.
Subjects: Literature — Theatre.