(1894–1980). French architect and town-planner. After a period with Le Corbusier he evolved his Style Paquebot (Packet-Boat style) based on Corbusier's ideas likening a passenger-ship to a floating apart-ment-block. His main achievements were in the reconstruction of war-damaged areas in the Moselle, Lorraine, and Saar regions, where he planned various industrial towns. He designed the Hôtel Latitude 43, St-Tropez (1931–2), the Pavillon des Artistes Modernes, Paris Exposition (1937—destroyed), and (with Cor-busier), the satellite town of Briey-en-Forêt (1953–9). His masterpiece is the Mémorial des Martyrs de la Déportation, at the east end of the Île de la Cité, Paris (completed 1962), a severe underground crypt of great emotional impact, commemorating French victims of the Nazi terror.
From A Dictionary of Architecture and Landscape Architecture in Oxford Reference.