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; class Aves, order Passeriformes)

A family of small, stocky, short-tailed birds which have short, broad, slightly hooked bills, and short wings. Their short legs have the centre toe fused basally to the second or fourth toe. They are mainly black, with coloured heads and crowns. (The 16–18 species of Pipra are mainly glossy, black or green; the males have bright red, blue, yellow, and white heads or crowns, and brightly coloured thighs.) Manakins inhabit tropical forests, feed on fruit and insects, and nest in bushes. There are 18 or 19 genera, comprising about 60 species, found in Central and S. America.

Subjects: Zoology and Animal Sciences.

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