(b Breinig, 1897; d Aachen, 1973). Ger. chorus-master, conductor, and violinist. Violinist, Aachen City Orch., 1913–33. Ch.-master Aachen Opera 1933–61, also mus. dir., Aachen Choral Soc. Cond., Aachen Opera from 1946. Ch.-master Bayreuth Fest., 1951–71. First ch.-master, Philharmonia Ch. 1957–71, establishing very high standards. Hon. OBE 1970.
From The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Music in Oxford Reference.