pivot grammar

'pivot grammar' can also refer to...


More Like This

Show all results sharing this subject:

  • Psychology


Show Summary Details

Quick Reference

A grammar, first suggested by the Singaporean-born US psychologist Martin D. S. Braine (1926–96) in an article in the journal Language in 1963, based on two grammatical classes of words, namely pivot (P) and open (O), to describe two-word utterances of children at an early stage of language development, from about 18 months to 2 years of age. The P words are taken from a small vocabulary of high-frequency words that seldom occur as single-word utterances, and the O words from large, open classes of nouns, verbs, and adjectives. Typical P + O constructions recorded by Braine and later researchers are Pretty fan, Night-night boat, and Allgone ball. Compare holophrase, telegraphic speech.

Subjects: Psychology.

Reference entries

Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content. Please, subscribe or login to access all content.