Inflammation of the plantar fascia at its attachment to the heel-bone. Plantar fasciitis is characterized by a gnawing pain or discomfort in the heel that radiates along the sole of the foot. It may also he caused by the partial tear of the fascia in the arch of the foot. Plantar fasciitis is most commonly associated with flat feet. Treatment includes rest and ice in the first 72 h; thereafter, heat before exercise and ice afterwards. A special programme of massage and exercise is also often recommended. Some cases of chronic plantar fasciitis have been treated successfully with extracorporeal shock wave treatment. See also tarsal tunnel syndrome.
Subjects: Sports and Exercise Medicine.