dramatist, born in Jarrow. After contributing many episodes to BBC TV's Z Cars and its sequel, Softly Softly, in the 1960s, he wrote several stage plays, among them the moving Close the Coalhouse Door (1972, adapted from a story by Sid Chaplin) heralded the effects of pit closures upon regional communities. Life in the north‐east, sport, and jazz feature in his considerable television output, including Seventeen Per Cent Said Push Off (1972) and The Land of Green Ginger (1974), Trinity Tales (1975, a ‘Chaucerian’ pilgrimage of supporters to a Rugby League cup final) and The Beiderbecke Affair (1985). His adaptations for the small screen include A. Trollope's Barchester Chronicles (1982) and O. Manning's The Fortunes of War (1987) (from her Balkan Trilogy). All Credit to the Lads (1998) is a stage play about football.