(b Old Forge, Pa., 1941).
Amer. bass. Début 1961 with Paterson Lyric Opera. Sang with Met Nat. Co. (touring) 1965–7, then joined main NY Met co, making début 1967 as the Monk in La Gioconda. In 25 seasons at Met sang over 50 roles. Also CG, Berlin, Chicago, and S. Francisco.